Filed under: Archeology
Chariot Wheels found in the Red Sea (Gulf of Aqaba)
see images at this link
Joseph in Eqypt – 7 good & 7 bad years
Below is from a stone tablet from a tomb (discovered in 1850) of a wealthy Yemenite woman who died during the Egyptian famine recorded in Genesis 41. This tablet confirms the biblical account of Joseph’s careful management of Egyptian food reserves during the 7 years of famine in Egypt.
“In they name O God, the God of Hamyar,
I Tajah, the daughter of Dzu Shefar, sent my steward to
And he delaying to return to me, I sent my hand maid
With a measure of silver, to bring me back a measure of
And not being able to procure it, I sent her with a measure of gold:
And not being able to procure it, I sent her with a measure of pearls:
And not being able to procure it, I commanded them to be ground:
And finding no profit in them, I am shut up here.
Whosoever may hear of it, let him commiserate me;
And should any woman adorn herself with an ornament
From my ornaments, may she die with no other than my
Sinaitic Inscriptions in Wadee El-Mukattab, Sinai
Above Inscription shot in 1857 by Francis Frith (1822-1898)
BOOK TITLE: Sinai, Palestine, The Nile. ca. 1863
Below from Sinai Inscriptions found
- Exodus from Egypt?
Compare Moses’ description in the Bible below about the events surrounding the escape from Egypt, with the following 8 ancient inscriptions found on different cliffs in the Wadi Sidra area of the Sinai.
Wadi Sidra is a possible natural route the Jews may have chosen in the Sinai after escaping Egypt. The exact route remains uncertain.
“The wind blowing, the sea dividing into parts, they pass over”
“The Hebrews flee through the sea; the sea is turned into dry land.”
“The waters permitted and dismissed to flow, burst rushing unawares upon the astonished men, congregated from quarters banded together to slay treacherously being lifted up with pride.”
“The leader divideth asunder the sea, its waves roaring. The people enter, and pass through the midst of the waters.”
“Moses causeth the people to haste like a fleet-winged she-ostrich crying aloud; the cloud shining bright,
a mighty army propelled into the Red sea is gathered into one;
they go jumping and skipping.
Journeying through the open channel,
taking flight from the face of the enemy.
The surge of the sea is divided.”
“The people flee, the tribes descend into the deep.
The people enter the waters.
The people enter and penetrate through the midst.
The people are filled with stupor and perturbation.
Jehovah is the keeper and companion.”
“Their enemies weep for the dead, the virgins are wailing.
The sea flowing down overwhelmed them.
The waters were let loose to flow again.”
The people depart fugitive.
A mighty army is submerged in the deep sea,
the only way of escape for the congregated people.”
Sinai Inscription-Miriam’s Rebellion against Moses
The below ancient Sinai inscription records Miriam’s rebellion against Moses.
Moses recorded the rebellion as such:
“And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman. And they said, “Hath the Lord indeed spoken only to Moses? Hath he not spoken also by us?” And the Lord heard it. Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth” (Numbers 12:1-3)
Above an example of inscriptions on rocks in the Sinai
Sinai Inscription Follows:
“Miriam, Prophetess of lying lips and deceitful tongue.
She causes the tribes to conspire against the pillar and
prince of the people.
Convoked for tumult, perverted, full of strife,
the people revile the meek and generous man.
The lead with reproaches the blessed one of God.”
A stone seal bearing the name of one of the families who acted as servants in the First Temple and then returned to Jerusalem after being exiled to Babylonia has been uncovered in an archeological excavation in Jerusalem’s City of David, a prominent Israeli archeologist said on January 16, 2008.
The 2,500-year-old stone seal, which has the name “Temech” engraved on it, was found in January 2008 amid stratified debris in the excavation under way just outside the Old City walls near the Dung Gate, said archeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar, who is leading the dig.
According to the Book of Nehemiah, the Temech family were servants of the First Temple and were sent into exile to Babylon following its destruction by the Babylonians in 586 BCE.
The family was among those who later returned to Jerusalem, the Bible recounts
October 1, 2008
It is the most remarkable find since excavations in the heart of this 3,000-year-old capital of ancient Israel began 140 years ago: a tiny clay seal impression also known as a bulla or stamp, discovered near the ruins of what has been identified as King David’s palace and bearing the name of an influential courtier mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
“It is not very often that archaeologists have surprises that bring them so close to the reality of the biblical text,” said Eilat Mazar, whose pinpoint dig in a relatively small site this summer led her to a clay bulla whose ancient Hebrew script identifies its owner as Gedalyahu ben Pashhur.
Speaking to an enthusiastic audience of 1,500 Israelis who converged on the Palestinian-Arab Silwan quarter, known as Kfar Hashiloah, or Siloam in the Bible, Mrs. Mazar said, “One could not have asked anything more than this.”
AVI OHAYON/SPECIAL TO THE WASHINGTON TIMES Excavations at the City of David site, just outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, have yielded seal impressions that date back 2,600 years, when the city was besieged by the Babylonians, and at least two from ministers under King Zedekiah.
Ben Pashhur’s name is cited in the Book of Jeremiah 38:1 together with that of Yehuchal ben Shelemayahu, whose bulla was discovered at the same site two years ago.
The two were ministers in the court of King Zedekiah, the last king from the Davidic dynasty to reign in Jerusalem. His reign, from 597 to 586 B.C., ended with the Babylonians’ destruction of the First Temple on nearby Mount Moriah.
Now in the Israel Museum is a stele that archeologists turned up on 21 July 1993, with an inscription referring to the “House of David,” This is the first real evidence that refers to the biblical king. The Tel Dan Stele is evidence for David being on the throne in that territory which we typically refer to as Judah.
This is known as:
The Tel Dan Inscription
(a.k.a. The Bytdwd Inscription)
(a.k.a. The House of David Inscription)
The inscription is by King Hazael of Aram-Damascus in about 825 B.C. It indicated that his father, Hadad II, was victorious in battle against the “foot soldiers, charioteers and horsemen of the King of the House of David” (against Jehosaphat, c. 860 B.C.).
A second stone, called the “Moabite Stone” was discovered by a German missionary names F. A. Klein in 1868 at Dibon (ancient Moab; present-day Jordan).
The inscriptions on this stone recount the rebellion of King Mesha of Moab against King Jehoram of Israel and King Jehosaphat of Judah.
Mesha was the king of the Moabites who was forced to pay tribute to his neighbor, the Nation of Israel. The Bible tells us that this tribute suddenly stopped: “Mesha, king of Moab, rebelled against the king of Israel…” (2 Kings 3:5).
“And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool. But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.” – 2 Kings 3:4-5
The Moabite Stone is a dark-colored, basalt monument about four feet high by two feet wide, dating to the reign of King Mesha in about 850 B.C. This artifact is another important source that corroborates the biblical account of the early Israelites. It currently resides in the Louvre Museum, Paris.
It reads: “I Mesha, king of Moab, made this monument to Chemosh, to commemorate deliverance from Israel. My father reigned over Moab 30 years, and I reigned after my father. Omri, king of Israel oppressed Moab many days, and his son (Ahab) after him. But I made war against the king of Israel and drove him out, and took his cities, Medeba, Ataroth, Nebo, and Jahaz, which he built while he waged war against me. I destroyed his cities, and devoted the spoil to Chemosh, and the women and girls to Ashtar. I built Qorhah with prisoners from Israel.”
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