Filed under: distinct qualities, evil inclination, levels of the Soul, middle man, righteous man
Last week we learned about the “complete sadeek” , he never sins and only desire Holiness, the incomplete sadeek, he has to struggle against his evil he also does not sin and we learned of the “Beinoni” (middle man) He is not a sadeek, this man may sin but he will repent over it, so it is like he is clean from sin. , The “complete sadeek” transforms his evil inclination to desire holiness through his “love of delights” in the Divine things. These are levels of closeness to God a man must strive for.
Now lets continue with the text of the Tanya :
There is a well-known saying that one whose Good deeds and sins are equally balanced is called a Beinoni, while he who has a majority of virtues outweighing his sins is called a sadeek.
This seems to conflict what we have said before that a sadeek is one who does not sin. Here is a figurative use of the term sadeek, a righteous man. He is one who has more merits than sins, yet this is certainly not the complete sadeek, or a “sadeek” in as we are describing in this lesson. There are 70 faces to the Torah so in another context the term “sadeek” can be used differently all depends on context of what is being said.
If, however, we seek to truly define the distinct qualities and ranks of sadeekim and Beinonim,. This is only a borrowed name, (for the sadeek here) used in regard to reward and punishment. As one is judged according to the majority [of his deeds], and he is termed “sadeek” (righteous) in reference to his verdict, since he is acquitted at his trial. If, however, we seek to truly define the distinct qualities and ranks of sadeekim and Beinonim. Our Sages have remarked that the righteous are “judged” solely according to their good nature, as it is written “And my heart is slain within me.” Meaning that he i.e., David, the author of this verse was devoid of an evil nature, having slain it through fasting.
From this we see the definition of sadeek in its true sense applies to the person who has rid himself of his evil nature.
Whoever has ridding himself of his evil nature, even if his virtues outnumber his sins, is not at all at the level of a sadeek.
You should be beginning to understand now a true sadeek is a very high level few attain.
This is why our Sages have said “The Almighty saw that the righteous were few, so He arose and planted i.e., and spread them in every generation,” as it is written, “The “sadeek is the foundation of the world.”
Thus it is in the merit of sadeekem in every generation the world is sustained.
However, the explanation of the matter, [is to be found] in light of what Rabbi Chayim Vital wrote in Shaar HaKedushah (and in Etz Chayim, Portal 5, ch. 2) — that every Jew, whether righteous or wicked, possesses two souls, as it is written, “And neshamot (souls) which I have made.”
These are two souls as life-forces. One soul originates in the kelipah and sitra achra. This is this Nefesh (which originates in the kelipah and sitra achra) that is clothed in the blood of a human being, giving life to the body; as it is written, “For the Nefesh of the flesh (i.e., the Nefesh that sustains physical and corporeal life) is in the blood.”
There are actually 5 basic levels of the soul to a man. What we are speaking of here are 2 levels of the soul called Nefesh. The level of soul which animates the body being its minimal life force needed to survive. From this level of the soul is a power called the “Evil inclination”. It’s 2nd soul force is called the “good inclination”
From [this nefesh] come all the evil characteristics, deriving from four evil elements within it. Namely: anger and pride [emanate] from the element of Fire which rises upwards;
Their nature being like fire “hot temper”, these thinks have a tendancy like fire to get out of control and can destroy all.
The appetite for pleasures [emanates] from the element of Water, for water promotes the growth of all kinds of pleasure-giving things.
Like water which has no form to itself having no boundaries except that imposed on it, pleasures can overcome one knowing no bounds.
Frivolity and scoffing, boasting and idle talk [emanate] from the element of Air;
Such conversation like air can have little substance.
Sloth and melancholy [emanate] from the element of Earth.
These traits are Heavy and very physical in nature.
From this soul stem also the good traits inherent in every man’s character, such as compassion and benevolence.