Filed under: gilgul, levels of the Soul, Reincarnation, Riencarnation | Tags: GILGULL, ibor, REINCARNATION
UPDATED AUGUST 20TH 2014
It is known that the soul of a person can change depending one’s mitzvot (commandments) they occupy in or their sins. “Extra” souls attach at times temporarily, while at other times they may permanently join him. If one is wicked, there are souls trapped between the worlds in a state called “cuf ha Kala” (the hollow of the sling). These souls have not yet merited to go to “gehenom” hell so they wander and try to attach to Humans doing sins they enjoyed while they had bodies in this the world. By doing this they have a respite from their tormenting angels.If one occupies in Holy things Holy souls will want to join with them and enjoy these pursuits.
Many of the teaching that follow were give by Elijah the Prophet to the Holy Ar”i
Parsha Mishpotim begins “and these are the judgments that you shall set before them”.
R. Shimon informs us that the “judgments” referred to in the above verse referred to the punishments involved in one’s incarnation in this world. Everything is in measure and equality, to pay back to everyone in accordance with their sins. In general its better not to have to come down here, its better “upstairs”.
Each individual receives the appropriate gilgul (incarnation) in accordance to the sins that they have performed. Those who enjoyed sin just a little died an easier death; quickly [and without suffering]. Those who had greatly enjoyed sin and had blemished greatly, this type of person would suffer through days of famine and want, and would live to see his children murdered before his eyes (G-d forbid).
All aspects of all souls were included in Adam. Adam’s body was made up of 248 organs and 365 sinews. Each organ and sinew is a Primary Source of souls. Adam was the father of all. Adam included all souls within himself. Afterward, all were included within the three Patriarchs: Avraham, Yitzhak, and Ya’aqob. After this, all were included within the twelve sons of Ya’aqob, who fathered the twelve tribes. After this, all were included within the seventy souls who went down to the land of Egypt with Ya’aqob. After this the seventy subdivided into 600,000 main Sparks. Each a complete Partzuf, containing 248 organs and 365 sinews. This further subdivided into 600,000 Secondary Sparks.
Adam’s “right shoulder” is one great main Source. It is the Source known as Hebel (Abel). Thought it is always correct to say that the right precedes the left in importance and stature, here it is different. For the manifestation of Kayin and Hevel were as a result of the sin of Adam. Kayin is still the first born, and as such the more important. Those souls of the Kayin source have included some of the greatest of the Prophets and Sages, among them King Hezekiah, Rabbi Akiba, and the author, HaRav Haim Vital. Great souls from the source of Hebel included Moshe Rabbeynu himself, but Moshe includes both sides.
Adam’s left shoulder is one great main Source. This is the source of the soul of Kayin (Cain, son of Adam). It is a complete Parzuf, that is divided into 70 Secondary Sources. These 70 Secondary Sources in turn subdivide into 600,000 Secondary Sparks. The sin of Adam caused all souls to fall into the depths of the klipot (evil forces). The klipot are nourished by the light of souls they capture. Thus the klipot greatly endeavor to cause people to sin, in the same way people pursue their food. For when a person sins, this causes his soul to enter into their domain, and they are thus sustained by it. They hope the entrapped soul will be theirs for a very long time. Souls are entrapped under the control of the klippt only by not elevating. Elevation is achieved through the energy work performed by the observance of the mitzvoth (commandments), in all their details.
Avraham’s soul was entrapped amongst them. So he is called a “righteous convert”, for his soul had come forth from the klipot and uncleanliness. As he was born to Terach the idol worshipper. Avraham, through his submission to God, was able to convert the evil that was attached to himself and turn it to good. Thus making the tikun (fixing) he made,he freed many sparks, trapped souls. Souls incarnate as families. Evil souls still have a connection to the righteous soul family members. Each soul family has the obligation to rectify all of its members. So it was Avraham’s job to rectify Terah’s soul because they were of the same Source. Don’t be surprised that the higher soul of Avraham could have been born as the son of a lower soul. The relationship of
father and son enabled Avraham to do what he needed to do. Terah was the refuse of the holiness of Avraham’s soul.
The child receive makiff lights from their father and penimi lights from their mother. These makiff lights are from Chuchmah of Abba and the penimi lights are of Imma. The father gives a portion to his soul to his child. It becomes a external garment of his soul. It guards and guides the sons soul. If there are less then 500 levels of difference between the soul of the father and his child the portion of the father’s soul that he gave to his son will stay with the child, even in the time of the Messiah.
There are many levels of souls. The female slave in parsha mishpatim is the “am haAretz” (common man) that dresses in the good of klippa Noga. The mother, slave and handmaid are souls of the worlds of Bria, Yetzera and Asiyah, being the Nashama (Intellectual soul), Ruach (Emotional soul) and the Nefesh (Animal soul) respectfully. There are five names for levels of the soul soul. This then is their order from below to above: Nefesh, Ruach, Nashama, Chayah, and Yachida. A man does not get all these aspects, all at one time, but only according to one’s merits. The main Nefesh is that of the world of Asiyah, Ruach of Yetzirah and Nashama of the world of Briah. Yet there are these levels of soul in each world also. And from even each of the 5 parzufim.
The refinement process of wicked people is completed in only four “generations”. Each incarnation is called a generation. The purpose their incarnations are so the good in them is separated out and it is given to one who is worthy, as our sages teach that one man can take both his portion and his fellow’s portion in the Garden of Eden. So with the wicked man only his evil remains of him. Thus He becomes doomed to destruction, as he does not possess any spark of goodness.
The righteous even if they sin, God lets them be reincarnated up to 2000 times. According to the verse, “ doing kindness to the two thousandth generation of those who love Me and keep My commandments”.
The Neshamah is called a Jewish maidservant by the Saba in Parsha Mishpotim in the Zohar. Once the Nashama has attained revelation from world of Atzilut, the soul is no longer called a slave of God, but a son of God. The Ruach, which is from Z”a that was blemished descends as the “Jewish bondsman” in the Saba of Parsha Mishpotim, it does serve “his master’s son”, for he is subservient to Z”a.
The Canaanite slave, which is a soul that left the realm of holiness and was blemished and then ascended back to enter the world of Asiyah.
There are four worlds called Atzilut, Briah, Yetzirah, and Asiyah. Each world has within it Five Partzufim (faces of Divine emination). They are Arich Anpin Abba, Imma, Zeir Anpin and Nakavah. It is also known that from every aspect
within the four worlds there comes forth the souls of mankind. Souls that come forth from each of the 4 worlds
are of 1 of 5 aspects, corresponding to the five Partzufim in that world which is their source. The level of soul that comes forth from Arich Anpin is called Yachida, from Abba is called Chayah, from Imma is called Nashama, from Zeir Anpin is called Ruach, and from Nakavah is called Nefesh. Accordingly are their 5 levels of souls in each world from its parzufim. Each of the 5 levels of soul contains in itself these 5 levels. Each level also is made of 613 organs and sinews. For example, the Yehida of Atzilut is divided into the 613 organs and sinews. The sin of Adam caused Each of these 613 aspects further subdivide to 613 aspects. Each of these sources contains no less than 613 main sparks, each is an
individual soul. These are called the 613 main Sparks. Due to the sin of the Atz Dat (tree of knowledge), they were blemished, and they divided into even greater numbers. Now each of the 613 main Sources is divided up into up to 600,000 Secondary Sources, but less there can be. The 613 main Sources are not required to subdivide equally but All depends, all division is according to the level of blemish. There are those main sources that are subdivided into only one hundred and others into more than 600,000 Secondary Sources. This is also what happened with the 613 main Sparks within each and every one of the 613 Sources. Each spark subdivided into many Secondary sparks. As a result of the sin of Adam, instead of having 613 main Souls which subdivide into 613 main Sparks, we now have 600,000 Secondary Sources, that can subdivide into 600,000 Secondary Sparks for a total of 360,000,000,000 sparks.
. We learn from Safer Bahir the souls of the wicked can’t leave from here but must “gilgul”.
The main thing of Nanhaga (Divine guidance of the worlds) is involved in “gilgullim” (reincarnation of souls). There are 2 kinds of gilgullim of “Nashamot” (souls). According to the actions of man, “gilgul” is given for his tikun (correction). Souls need to work hard to fill lackings, and make a complete “tikun” (repairs). To each is a different “nanhaga” (Divine guidance-Providence). A soul may gilgul within a man at any time after birth and there are Souls that gilgul in a man’s body from the time of birth.
When a person is born, his Nefesh (Animal soul) enters him. Ideally at the age of 13 one receives revelation of their Ruach, If they do the work required. At 20 their Nashama becomes revealed to them. If they do what is required of them. Such a person successfully completes the rectification of all three levels of soul in a single lifetime. Such a person would not need to reincarnate ever again, at least not for the sake of personal rectification. However, few people ever achieve such. Most People because of sins must go through all their lives with only their Nefesh that they received at birth. If one does not act with proper righteousness, one never finishes building and completing their Nefesh, thus not being able to advance to the next steps of building and rectifying their Ruach and Nashama. Therefore they may require to reincarnate many lifetimes. If one does not completely rectify his Ruach, then his Nashamah will not enter him and he will remain with only his Nefesh and Ruach. Only the part of any level of soul that has yet to be rectified is vulnerable to damage from the impact of sin. If in one gilgul one aquires both levels of his Nefesh and Ruach and he damages both. Only his Nefesh must return in gilgul. But because he did damage in Yetzera (his Ruach) in this lifetime he may be punished severely. If one has a opportunity to do mitzvot (commandments) and does not, they may have to return in gilgul to do so. One who does not learn all 4 levels of Torah will require gilgul. A person is not complete until that he fixes and merits to take the level of soul “Yachida of Arich of Atzilut”. A person can blemish or fix sparks that are from their same source such as the left heel or left shoulder by his actions. But he does not effect soul sparks from other sources. One does not effect damage in all levels in all worlds but, but damages done are very specific.
At times a Nefesh becomes rectified and purified to such an extent that it need not come back again with the Ruach for its rectification. Instread it remains above in a place fitting for it, “bound up with the Bundle of Life” (Shmuel 1:25:29). The Ruach then has to come back and reincarnate with the Nefesh of another person.
If a person rectified his Nefesh and came back to receive and complete his Ruach but sinned, it will not affect his Nefesh. For, this would force the Nefesh to have to come back by itself to become rectified once again. Rather, because he now has a Ruach, the sin will only damage the Ruach, and only this will require rectification. In other words, once the Nefesh has been completely rectified and he has reincarnated to work on his Ruach. He does not start from Square One once again. Rather, the Nefesh is protected against any further damage for otherwise, the rectification process would go on forever for some people. They will reincarnate together until the Ruach is rectified. Then the first Nefesh will come back with the Ruach in order to receive and rectify the Nashamah. Or, the Ruach may come back by itself with the Nashamah until the Nashamah is rectified, after which time all three of them no longer need to return and are instead “bound up with the Bundle of Life,” as is fitting for them.
A “Nefesh” is given 3 ”gilgulim” to begin ”teshuva” if it is not successful it is then destroyed from our people and descends to one of the 7 dwelling places of Gehenom to be forgotten for all generations.
One can even reincarnate from one species into another. Rav Nachunyah ben Hakana teaches By facing away, ignoring the commandments while in exile one can be “gilgul” as an unclean animal. In Sefer Haredim it is written that when a person reincarnates into an animal, beast, or bird they remember their past life. This (memory) causes much sorrow and pain, seeing how they have fallen from heaven, from the image of man to the image of a beast.
The Ar’i explains a sinner’s soul at times descends and is found in a animals’ food. He then is reincarnated into the animal, the animal is thereafter offered on the altar in the temple, now our dining tables act as a alter. When eaten properly, the human soul within the animal is brought close again to its source and Repaired. And may again return in Human incarnation if it so merits. Even if the sacrificial animal does not contain any reincarnated human soul within it, it nonetheless contains within it something of the 288 sparks from the vessels world of Tohu that fell and shattered. These are now Repaired.
The Arizal explains that there are more than one type of gilgul (incarnation). Gilgulim that occur during the lifetime of a person are called ibur (pregnancy). These souls can enter one at any time after birth and the soul may stay with them for a moment or the remainder of a lifetime. Some mitzvos have the power to draw down the Nefesh of a righteous person whereas others can draw down the Ruach. The Arizal explained, a person can have up to four souls in his body at one time. Ibur can benefit both the host body and the guest soul. If the person maintains the appropriate level of righteousness the extra soul will stay with him. This could be for the rest of the host person’s life. If so the connection will remain even after death. And, that can help a person to achieve a much higher level of reward in the World-to-Come than he otherwise might have received on his own.
There are completely “New souls”, some of these souls were not included in the body of Adam when he sinned. They will receive their Ruach at 13 and their Nashama at 20. They are able to change their evil inclination to become like a angel. There are other souls which are still considered new, but they are not like those first mentioned. These souls are in no way bound by time in their ability to gain new levels. The only thing it depends on is merit. They are able to get a Nefesh of Atzilut before they are 13. This type of soul was in Kain and Abel. It cannot ascend to the level of Chayah and Yachida of Atzilut, but only Nefesh of Atzilut. These souls were in the body of Adam at the time of the sin, but did not descend to the klippot. There is another type of soul which did fall when Adam sinned. When parzufim were formed within adam these souls were placed back to back. Once they enter hachel Ahava of Bria they are then created anew face to face. In order to turn from back to back to face to face this is by “nesira”. Z”a must receive sufficient light so to enable the “shared” back to double. One for him and one for her. They are separated Sefirah by Sefirah till they are 2 separate parzufim (Z’a and Nakavah). This is the last step of the Nesira. Then they become as “New souls”. These souls do not easily come to sin. And in time they grow and add levels. According to the level of “lavush” (makiff) one can receive new levels of Soul. Lavush is a level between light and vessel. It is pennimi to vessels and chitzon to lights. It covers and dims lights preventing the vessels from shattering. The “levush” is Nh”y of a higher parzuf. 2 or 3 “nefashot” (souls) can incarnate in one man who is a “New soul”, but all the “nefashot” must be in a single bond together. 3 “ibor” incarnations can enter into the body of man to help him at a time. Including the host soul this is 4 souls in one body. Later he can acquire more ibor souls of a lower level and they become absorbed in his higher level souls from his root. The higher levels help the lower level souls make tikun, as their levels are interconnected. But he never has more than 3 “ibor”. After a man has made 3 gilgul and if he has not made tikun a sadeek will become ibor in him to help him complete his tikun.
A man who is gilgul as a woman because of sin cannot give birth to children with out great difficulty. To have children a female souls must enter her as a “ibor”, and then she can only give birth to girls. Only by great merit can a male soul enter the fetus.
The purpose of “gilgul” is to rectify blemishes of previous lifetimes and each successive incarnation manifests and rectifys new, different dimensions of the same soul. Know, that if a person merits obtaining his Nefesh (Animal soul), Ruach (Divine emotional soul), and Neshama (Soul of Divine intellect), and then blemishes them through sin, he will have to be reincarnated to rectify the damage. When he returns in a gilgul with his Nefesh and he rectifies it, his Ruach will not join him. This is because his Ruach remains blemished, and it cannot rest upon a rectified Nefesh. Therefore, his [blemished] Ruach will be reincarnated into another person, joining up with the Nefesh of a convert. The Neshama will likewise do the same. And the Nefesh that was rectified will receive a rectified Ruach of a righteous person who was similar to him in some of the particular good deeds that he performed. It will actually take the place of his own Ruach. Similarly, if he rectifies his [blemished] Ruach completely, then he will receive a Neshama from some righteous person, which will act in place of his own Neshama. This is the esoteric meaning of what the sages say: “Righteous people are greater in death than during their lifetimes (Sanhedrin 47a).” Now, after this person dies, his [own rectified] Nefesh will go together with this Ruach [of a righteous person] and through it [i.e. the Ruach] receive the blessing fitting for itself. It works in the same way for the Neshama with respect to the Ruach. After a person dies, they return in a gilgul and achieve tikun together.
In these later generations the Shechinah has descended to the souls at the level of the Legs of Adam. The souls of these later generations are from the Legs of Adam. These souls are exiled in the klipot, earlier (higher) souls have already been fixed. There are some men who cannot marry their soul mate as their female side is from חור the son of Miriam. These souls are sunk in the klipot and will not come out from there until the Messiah comes.
All the souls were originally within the body of Adam. Every one now must correct and establish their portion in the Body of Adam. Mashiah’s soul is from the sefira Keter it is the Source soul of all Yisrael’s souls. The soul of the Messiah will include all the souls of Yisrael, all 600,000, as they were prior to the sin of Adam HaRishon. The soul of the Messiah that directly corresponds to that individual’s soul. So every Jew must prepare that portion of the Messiah’s soul that corresponds to his own soul. This must be done until all has been rectified and His entire stature is complete.
The name Adam (Alf, Dalet, Mem) spells out to capital letters of the three names Adam, David, and Mashiah. According to the teachings of the Holy Ar”i, Adam becomes David who will finally be reincarnated as the Messiah, as indicated by the fact that the initial letters of Adam David Messiah (alp, dalet, mem) spell Adam (אָדָם). All were contained within the soul of Adam.
Haran did not throw himself in the furnace like Avraham did so he was reincarnated as Aaron. Hur, Miriam’ son, was a spark that was mixed with the soul of Haran, but Haran was not actually its source. Therefore he protested against the building of the golden calf, and gave himself over to be killed by the mob on this account. He offered his life to rectify the sin of not throwing himself in the furnace like Avraham did. Aaron was reincarnated as Yaavetz, mentioned in the book of Chronicles. Yaavetz was reincarnated as Tola ben Pua, in the book of Judges. He was reincarnated as the prophet Samuel. Samuel was mainly a reincarnation of Nadav and Avihu, Aaron joined with them. Aaron himself reincarnated as Uriah the Hittite, the arms bearer of Joab ben Tzeruiah. The three Ahron, Nadav and Avihu together were reincarnated as Uriah the priest in the generation of King Yehoyakim. the three of them were later incarnated again into Zechariah ben Yeverechyahu, who was also a priest. Aaron then rectified his sons completely, when the three of them were together in this Incarnation.
May we merit to see such revelation soon with the coming of mashiach and building the Holy temple quickly in our days in rachamim.