To help aid the novice, the beginner I have included here a introduction to some of the terms and concepts found in these teachings. The terms revolve around 5 concepts. The Names of God. The levels of the soul. The order and way of unfolding of the Divine Light. This is what is called knowledge of the “parzufim” (Divine faces). One could call this spiritual anatomy. The Worlds. Knowledge of the 10 Sefirot, these are the emanations of Divine energies which are the building blocks of all that was, is and will be.
Levels of the Soul- In the Bible in its original language “Hebrew” the Soul is called by 5 names.
The Nefesh (animal soul), is the lowest level of them all. It is common in all living things.
The Ruach is the Emotional soul- called “spirit”
The Neshamah ( Divine intellectual Soul) it is the LIGHT OF DIVINE UNDERSTANDING.
The Chayah is the soul of creativity
The Yachidah is the highest level, at this level all souls are unified. It shall be this level the Messiah shall attain.
Ein Sof – which means “the infinite.” It is the highest level the The limitless Light of God. Ein Sof refers to God’s infinite light, before the beginning of the creative process. It is the infinite light which emanates from God’s very essence.
The 10 Sefirot-Powers of Divine emanation
Keter – · The first and highest of the ten sefirot. Keter means “crown” and is the link between the finite world we inhabit and the infinite world of Ein Sof. In the stages of creation, Keter is the stage in which material reality begins to come into existence. Keter is associated with God’s head and appears at the top of the Tree of Life.
Chochmah – · The second of the ten sefirot. Chochmah means “wisdom.” In the stages of creation, Chochmah represents the beginning of thought. It involves creative inspiration.
Binah – · Binah means “understanding” it is powers of reasoning, intellect..
Chesed – · Chesed, the fourth sefirah, represents love, giving, or mercy. In the stages of creation, Chesed heralds the beginning of emotional energy. Chesed is also identified with the Biblical character Abraham, the patriarch.
Gevurah – · Gevurah is sometimes also called “Din”, and means “judgment.” It is the power of discipline and restriction. It is often associated with Isaac, Abraham’s son.
Tiferet – · The sixth sefirah, Tiferet represents beauty and balance. It is the mediator of Gevurah and Chesed, Tiferet balances mercy and judgment. Tiferet is often linked to the biblical character Jacob, who fathered the twelve tribes of Israel.
Netzach – · The seventh sefirah, Netzach stands for limitless energy, great quantity, endurance, and victory. Netzach is often associated with the biblical character Moses.
Hod – · The eighth sefirah, Hod represents contained energy that which is clearly defined. It is very specific flow. It is the quality of the Divine abundance while Netzach as said before is quantity of flow. Hod isoften associated with Aaron, the first high priest in the Bible.
Yesod – · The ninth sefirah, and serves as the mediator of Netzach and Hod. The biblical character associated with Yesod is Joseph, Jacob’s son. The influence of astrology happens at this level.
Malchut – means “kingdom” and is the tenth and final sefirah. It is also called the Shekhinah which is associated with God’s presence as it is revealed.
Shekhinah is the Divine presence
Each of the major Parzufim contains all 10 Sefirot, specific Sefirot are identified with particular Parzufim. From each of these parzufim is emanated the different levels of the soul.
Adam Kadmon – The first world, contains all overall Providence. Here is God’s specific will and plan to emanate the “worlds”; by the lights that are emanated from the “ears,” “nose,” “mouth” of Adam Kadmon.
Attika Kaddisha and Arich Anpin (The Holy Ancient One and the Long Face) are identified with the Sefirah Keter. From here is emanated the level of soul called “Yachidah”.
Abba (the Supernal Father ) corresponding to Chochmah. From here is emanated the level of soul called “Chayah”.
Imma (the Supernal Mother) corresponding to Binah, From here is emanated the level of soul called “Nashama”.
Ze’ir Anpin (The Short-faced One) corresponding to the Sefirot from Chesed to Yesod
From here is emanated the level of soul called “Ruach”
Nukvah (the Female) (corresponding to Malchut).From here is emanated the level of soul called “Nefesh”.
There are also six secondary Parzufim:
Jacob and Israel, which are aspects of Ze’ir Anpin
Rachel and Leah, which are aspects of Nukvah,
Israel Sava and Tevunah, are parzufim made from the lower sefirot of Abba and Imma.
The Worlds emerge out of God’s infinite light and culminate in our finite physical universe.
Ein Sof – which means “the infinite.” It is the highest level the The limitless Light of God.
Atzlut Atzilut is the “World of Emanation” or Nearness to God. Atzilut is the world of Godly awareness.It is the realm of people who have so refined themselves to a very high level. The Level of soul called “Chyah” resides here. The world of Atzilut is in a state of perfect and eternal rectification. This is not the case with regard to the three lower worlds, which require our Divine service on earth to redeem the falling sparks of Divinity in them and thereby bring them to a full state of rectification
Beriah Beriah is the world of creation. It is the world of the level of soul called “Nashamah”. Here the initial ethereal “substance” of creation emerges out of pure nothingness. The world of Atzilut is a world of “non-existence” (ayin), the world of Beriah is one of “potential existence” (yesh). This state of being is referred to as “formless matter” (chomer hiyuli). The world of Beriah is the spiritual abode of the serafim (“fiery angels”). These are the angles that the prophet Isaiah saw in his vision of the Divine chariot. These are the angles that exclaim to God: “Holy, Holy Holy is the God of Hosts, the whole earth is full of His glory.”
Yetzira, or formation. Yetzira is the world of spiritual entities, angels. Here resides the level of soul called “Ruach”. The angels belonging to the world of Yetzirah are the chayot hakodesh (“the living creatures”). These are the angels which Ezekial saw in his vision of the Divine chariot. These angels are in a continuous state of “run and return,” the essential life dynamic of continuous movement.
Asiyah is the physical world. This is the world “where the action is” – where perfection and rectification takes place. The creatures of the world of Asiyah are divided into the mineral, vegetable, animal and human categories. This the world of the animal soul called Nefesh. The world of Asiyah (in particular, its physical dimension) is referred to in Kabbalah as “the world of celestial spheres [galgalim].The class of angles whose abode is the world of Asiyah are the ofanim (“the wheels of the chariot”). Both the ofanim and the chayot hakodesh share the attribute of aspiring upward, toward the level of the serafim in their Divine service “with great noise.” They proclaim together: “Blessed be the Glory of God from His place.”
There infinite names here are a few of the main ones :
אהי”ה – Ahyh – Sefirah Keter divine will
י”ה– Yh- Sefirah Chuchmah wisdom creativity
יהו”ה – Yhvh -Sefirah Binah and Teferet Divine Understanding and balance
א”ל– Al -Sefirah Chesed Kindness
אלהי”ם -Alhym – Sefirah Givurah severity restriction
שד”י – Sdy – Sefirah Yesod Gateway of all the energy
אדנ”י– Adny Sefirah Malchut, This name manifests the Divine presence
The eyes, ears, nose and mouth are 7 windows by which the soul ascends by 7 types of herbs. They all illuminate aspects of chuchmah. They are Nard which is Chesed of Chuchmah, Safron-Givurah, Calamus-Teferet, Cinnamon-Netzauch, Frankincence-Hod, Myrrh-Yesod, Aloes correspond to Malchut of Chuchmah. Herbs are conduits of angels Ofanim Chayot and Caruvim. Gold is something above, copper below and silver is in between filling the gap. Rabbi Avraham Abulafia teaches in Aor haSachel that Hashem chose Aravot (the heaven) of all the gilgullim (spheres) it is here He chose to set his כסא (thrown). Of all the stars of heaven he chose the sun, and from all the yesodot (elements) he chose fire. Of all metals He chose gold. Of all the trees He chose the Date palm tree, of all animals the Leviyaton, of birds the Eagle, of all beast the lion.
The oar Ha Chyim taught that “kayin” knew of the arms and feet of the earth. So he didn’t need to lay a hand on Abel to kill him. The four sides of the shechina (Divine presence) are according to the four flags of the “midbar”, and so are there four groups of Jews safardim, askanazim Catalonians and Italians. Cohen cooresponds to tohu, Levi to Vohu and Yisrael to chosech (darkness). All yisrael nourish from a light that is so bright it appears as darkness. The lights are revealed by raising up sparks through mitzvot and acts of kindness. Then new lights decent from above to the nefesh ruach nashama chayah and Yachida (levels of the soul) to each man accordingly. The main rising of sparks is by “tikun” (fixing) of the central piller. “Avodat haKodesh” (Holy works) makes zivug of Teferet (Balence) in Malchut (revelation of Divine presence in the earth), and flows rachamim (mercy) to sweeten “din” (judgment). The Nefesh of the sadeek (Holy person) creates the world. According to the Yesod (Gateway of energy) of their Nashama there is eminated their cavana (intentions) on the world, and by this we say Hashem (God) rules. This is the manuchah (rest) of sadeekem. By this they will inherit olam Haba. As the way they live now is from the Histashalut (unfolding of energy) from the “great Shabot”. The nose of the Shechinah (Divine Presence) has in it 370 lights. These sweeten its givurot (forces of restriction). Then there is found manuchah (rest). 370 lights are 300 of the first 3 sefirot and 70 lights are the 70 midot of 10 sefirot each. Hashem has pleasure through “Avodat Yisreael” when when they do His will, He is with them in the 6 “midot” (attributes)of love, fear and the beautiful sparks in the praise of Hashem in “devecut” (cleaving). Count from the world of Bina which is “oneg” (delight) the 7 “midot” till Yesod, then Malchut is called “bat Sheva”. (Count the quality of your avoda, until being complete in all 7 attributes). From the service of sadeekem doing mitzvot (commandments) and misim tovim (good deeds) its like there is made “nachat ruach” (a joy of spirit). there is made a tikun in the “mesach” (the screen filtering the light) that descends dressing in a garment drawn from the rekia (firmament). The light from above “oar yosher” (light that comes down) dresses in the sparks rising from below called “oar chozir”(sparks of light returning to its source rising). Moshe increased praise for Yisrael, becouse of this they merited to receive the Torah. Even if they were in a place of tuma (impurity) that the angels were afraid to enter they went out with a high hand. Always the Shechinah is in the sin of her children dwelling in their tuma so all the year without doubt one needs to purify themselves with water of Rachamim (Mercy) from Ima (Divine mother) by the middle pillar יהו”ה, so you will be pure before Hashem. The oar ha chyim teaches the purpose of the various exiles is to gather isolated segments of sanctity scattered in various branches of the klippa (vessel of the other side of concielment). We learn from Rabbi Moshe Cordevero that exile is a lack of unification of the sefirot, causing a separation from “nanhaga” (divine providence). When there is not sanctified the name of Hashem but it is desecrated before the nations, heaven forbid, there dresses the spiritual supervisors of the nations upon the flow of divine light nourishing from it. This is the exile of the shechinah, but even in exile the light of noga (sparks) surrounds. This is ” I am exiled in your midst”. This is the secret of the ofanim, angels of asiyah (this physical world).
This world is full of all kinds of light you just have to get those sparks from all things taking them from even from there captured place giving power to the “other side”. Raising them then up to the Holiness you shall then Rejoice in the Spirit of Holiness. We shall then all go from our “masay” (Journeys) of Exile to the Peace of complete redemption with our Messiah quickly in our days !