Filed under: 9th of Av
It was on the 9th of Av Moses sent out the spies to the Land of Israel and they brought back a bad report which resulted in people loosing faith and fearing to enter the land. On this same day years later the Babylonians destroyed the 21st Temple and Killed many of the Jewish Population and on this same day over 400 years later the Romans destroyed the 2nd Temple and Killed many of the Jewish Population. A Year later the Roman emperor decreed to build a pagan temple on the Temple mount. On the saddest day of our year , the Ninth of Av, World War I started.
Jeremiah in Lamentations writes :
“The punishment of your iniquity is accomplished, O daughter of Zion; He will no more carry you away into exile; he will visit your iniquity, O daughter of Edom; he will uncover your sins.” (4:22)
Jeremiah said this before Edom- Rome destroyed the 2nd Temple. From this we see that after the destruction of the 2nd Temple by Edom and its exile, there will be no more exiles.
“He will no more carry you away into exile”.
What we will see is the punishment of Edom for their cruelty :
“he will visit your iniquity, O daughter of Edom; he will uncover your sins.”
Rabbi Acha was walking with Rabbi Yehuda on the way. As they were walking, Rabbi Yehuda said it is written, “The virgin of Isreal is fallen; she shall no more rise” (Amos 5:2). I came to Rabbi Shimon with a darkened face. He said to me, from the look on your face what is in your heart is seen. I said to him, indeed my mouth and heart speak the same. He said to me, speak up. I said to him, it is written, “The virgin of Isreal is fallen; she shall no more rise.” So if a man who is angry with his wife and she goes away, she will never go back to him. If so, woe to the children who are exiled with her. He said to me, is what the friends said about this not sufficient to you? I said, I have heard what they say, and it is graceful. But my mind is not yet clear about it.
He said to me, woe to the generation where there are no shepherds, and the flock wanders and goes without knowing whither, neither right nor left. Assuredly this verse needs to be familiar, and everything is revealed to those who look through the way of the Torah in a true way. Come and see: For all the exiles of Isreal, He set a time and limit to them all.
God set a limit to the time period of all the exiles of the Jews, except the last. Concerning the first exile of the Hebrews. The Egyptian exile had been foretold to Abraham at the famous Covenant Between the Pieces (Genesis 15:13). “And God said to Avram: You must surely know that your offspring will sojourn in a foreign land; they will enslave them and hurt them for four-hundred years.” Ultimately, the Egyptians went “above and beyond the call of duty” in their fulfillment of “they will enslave and hurt them.” – “They embittered their lives with strenuous work (Shemos/Exodus 1:14). In the end, the Jews were in Egypt for only 210 years. It was the intensity of their subjugation that facilitated their premature emancipation.
Jeremiah prophesied the 70-year exile of Babylon, the first temple exile. (Jeremiah 25:1)
In them all, they turned to the Holy One, blessed be He, and the virgin of Israel, returned to her place in the time decreed. On the last exile, it is not so, for she will not return as in the times of the other exiles. This verse teaches this, for it is written, “The virgin of Israel is fallen; she shall no more rise” and not written, ‘is fallen; I shall no more raise her’.
There is an allegory of a king who was angry with the queen and cast her away from her palace for a certain time. At the appointed time, the queen immediately returned and came before the king. It happened so once, twice, thrice. On the last time, she went far away from the king’s palace and the king cast her from his palace for a long time. The king said, This time is different than other times. She will not come to me but I shall go together with all the retinue of my palace and seek her.
When he reached her, he saw her lying in the dust. Who has ever seen the glory of the queen at that time and the entreaties of the king before her? Eventually the king held her in his hands, raised her and brought her to his palace and swore to her that he would never separate from her again, nor stay away from her.
The Holy One, blessed be He, will do likewise. Whenever the Community of Isreal was in exile, when the time came, she returned and came before the King. But in this exile, the Holy One, blessed be He, Himself will hold her hands, raise her, reconcile Himself to her and bring her to His palace. Come and see: It is indeed so as written, “The virgin of Isreal is fallen; she shall no more rise” BY HERSELF. Therefore, it is written, “On that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen” (Amos 9:11). She will no more rise as in other times, but I shall raise her, SHE WILL NOT RISE OF HERSELF. This is why it is written, “On that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen.” I will raise up the tabernacle of David. What is the tabernacle of David? It is the virgin of Isreal “that is fallen,” as in the words: “is fallen.” It is to the glory of the virgin of Isreal and to her praise THAT SHE WILL NO MORE RISE OF HERSELF, BUT THE HOLY ONE, BLESSED BE HE, WILL RAISE HER. I have learned this at that time.
Rabbi Yehuda said, Surely you have persuaded me and it agrees with me. This is the explanation of this matter. This agrees with another explanation, which I have heard but forgotten, but now I have regained it. We learned what Rabbi Yosi said that the Holy One, blessed be He, will proclaim about the Community of Isreal saying, “Shake yourself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem” (Isaiah 52:2); namely, like one holding his friend’s hand, saying, Shake yourself and rise. So will the Holy One, blessed be He, hold her and say, Shake yourself, arise.
Rabbi Acha said to him: All the retinue of the King’s palace started also TO SPEAK TO HER in this language: “Arise, shine; for your light is come” (Isaiah 60:1), for the King is here. Surely then, when the King makes peace with her, it is her glory and the joy of everyone. On every occasion, she came before the King and rose before Him, as written, “And she came into the king’s presence, and stood before the king” (I Kings 1:28). This time it is not so, but the King will come to her and placate her and return her to His palace. Hence, it is written, “Behold, your king comes to you” (Zecharyah 9:9) and not you to him. He “comes to you” to pacify you and to raise you. He comes to you to perfect you in everything and He comes to you to raise you to His palace and join you in a CONSTANT everlasting union, as written, “And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness” (Hosea 2:22).
This is referring to the ultimate redemption.
It was on the 10th of Av, Elijah the prophet demonstrated his defying of death by flying to Heaven very much alive in a chariot of fire.