Filed under: ESP | Tags: AT&T Bell Labs, Dean, Dean Radin, E. Douglas, ESP, plethysmograph, Princeton University, PSI
Dean Radin, PhD, Chief Scientist at the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) and Adjunct Faculty in the Department of Psychology at Sonoma State University. Before joining the research staff at IONS in 2001, he held appointments at AT&T Bell Labs, Princeton University, University of Edinburgh, and SRI International, writes
“Psi has been shown to exist in thousands of experiments. There are disagreements over to how to interpret the evidence, but the fact is that virtually all scientists who have studied the evidence, including the hard-nosed skeptics, now agree that there is something interesting going on that merits serious scientific attention. “
Our minds unconsciously, for the most part consult incoming information from its source in the surrounding light arroused by implicit questions that were posed earlier.
We have been able to identify psi through laboratory experimentation in a number of ways, One way that has been found to identify it is through the measurement of the involuntary physiological processes in the autonomic nervous system of laboratory test subjects. The most common measures are the galvanic skin response (GSR), which records the activity of the sweat gland., and the plethysmograph, which measures the changes in blood volume in the fingers that are caused by the dilation and constriction of blood vessels. Less often used is the electroencephalograph (EEG), which measures brain activity.
The GSR and plethysmograph are used to detect emotional arousal.
Dean, E. Douglas, 1966: Plethysmograph recordings as ESP responses. Int J Neuropsychiat: 439-446
This paper presents evidence suggesting that when a random stimulus was read by an agent, a simultaneous response or vasconstriction was measured in four subjects with a plethysmograph attached to them. The persons have been separated in adjacent rooms and also 250 yards apart. The stimuli have been names, written on a card, of persons recently met and emotionally meaningful to the subject. Blank cards provided a comparison control. Reversed effects seemed to occur during inhibiting life situations. The process is being applied as a teleathtic communications system.
PHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF PSI COGNITION
Charles T. Tart
[This article was published under the above title in the “International
Journal of Parapsychology,” 1963, Vol. 5, pp. 375-386.]
In individual sessions, eleven college students sat in a
soundproof chamber and tried to guess when “subliminal stimuli”
were presented. At random intervals either: (a) an agent in
another soundproof room was electrically shocked; or (b) the
shock was delivered to a resistor. The subjects’ skin
resistances, finger pulse volumes, and EEGs were continuously
recorded, and the EEGs were electronically analyzed.
The physiological responses of the subjects were
significantly related to the occurrence of both types of events,
showing a pattern for the group generally indicative of a higher
level of activation during the trials, viz.: (a) a faster and
more complex EEG pattern; (b) more frequent galvanic skin
responses; and (c) more frequent changes in finger pulse volume.
As the subjects’ conscious guesses of when trials had occurred
did not differ from chance, they may be said to have responded on
an “unconscious” level.
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