“And YHV”H said to Moses, ‘Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart…’” (Exudus 10:1).
Sometimes God takes away our free will.
Rabbi Yehuda opened the discussion, saying: “Happy is the people that know the joyful note; they shall walk, YHV”H, in the light of Your countenance” (Tehilim 89:16). How much should people walk in the ways of the Holy One, blessed be He, and observe the commandments of the Torah in order to merit the World to Come, and that they may be delivered from all Accusers above and below. For as there are Accusers in the world below, so there are Adversaries above whose functions are to ACCUSE people.
These Accusers are angels of judgment. They bring judgment so to direct us back to the right path and a means of refining us from evil we have done.
Those who observe the commandments of the Torah and walk the right path in fear of their Master, good Advocates are situated above them, as is written: “If there be an angel over him, an interpreter, one among a thousand…then He is gracious to him, and says, ‘Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom’” (Job 33:23). Therefore, fortunate is he who observes the commandments of the Torah.
THIS IS REFERRING TO IN THE OTHER WORLD
Rabbi Chiya said to him: If so, why is it necessary to have an angel to intercede for the person, seeing it is written: “For YHV”H will be your confidence and will keep your foot from being caught” (Proverbs 3:26). “YHV”H will guard you from all evil” (Psalms 121:7). For the Holy One, blessed be He, sees everything that a man does in the world, both good and evil. And so He says, “‘Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him?’ Says YHV”H” (Jeremiah 23:24).
So many times are we saved from calamity by these angels, and don’t know. From God nothing is hidden. From us a lot is concealed, so to preserve free will.
Rabbi Yehuda said: Certainly it is so. But it is written: “And touch his bone and his flesh” (Job 2:5), and “although you did move me against him to destroy him without cause” (Ibid. 3). This shows that permission was granted to the Other Side to accuse in worldly matters, and they should be given into his hands. All these things are to stay concealed before the Holy One, blessed be He, and you have no right to investigate them, because they are the statutes of the Holy One, blessed be He. Humans are not permitted to be particular about them except for those truly Righteous who know the secrets of the Torah and go in the way of wisdom to know these hidden things in the Torah.
Why “bad things” happen is not always easy to understand.
“Now there was a day…and the Adversary came also among them”
Rabbi Elazar begins by talking about Rosh Hashanah, Judgment Day.
This is the day the Bible refers to by “In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a sabbath, a day of remembrance of blowing of horns, a holy gathering.”
He says there are messengers who are appointed by God to watch over the actions of people, and at Judgment Day these messengers accuse those whose actions were improper. When people sin, they weaken ELOHE”M (manifestation of God in nature), but when they perform good actions they give might and power to Him. Rabbi Elazar speaks about “The Adversary also came among them,” and recounts the conversation between God and Satan wherein God distracts Satan from his accusation of Yisrael, by asking him if he has considered His servant Job. Satan always requests justice from God. We read that Job was judged as he had judged Yisrael, since he had been one of Pharaoh’s advisors. The Satan was given permission to afflict Job’s bones and flesh, but not to kill him. We are told that God does not want to destroy the whole world on the word of the Accuser, since the Accuser’s desire is always to destroy. The discussion turns to “The end of all flesh” which is the Satan, and “the end of days” that is in Holiness. On Rosh Hashanah those who come before God with repentance deserve to be written on the side of Life; those who come with evil actions are written on the Other Side, which is Death. We are told then of the balance, where the world is half Life and half Death, and the actions of one Righteous man or one wicked person can tip the balance so that all the world is written to Life or Death. A person should not be set apart by himself because he can be noticed and accused from above. Job, who was set apart, and who was tested severely, did not even then join the Other Side. He should, however, have given a part of his sacrifice to the Other Side because then the Other Side would have removed himself from the Temple. The conclusion of this section is that God judged Job, giving him first good and then bad and then good again; thus it is proper for a person to know good and bad, and to return himself to good.
Rabbi Elazar opened the discussion, saying: “Now there was a day when the sons of Elohim came to present themselves before God, and the Adversary came also among them” (Job 1:6). “Now there was a day,” refers to Rosh Hashanah, the day that the Holy One, blessed be He, rises to judge the world. Similarly, “And it happened one day, that he came there” (II Kings 4:11). That day was the holy day of Rosh Hashanah.
“And the sons of Elohim came.” These are the appointed ministers whose mission in the world is to observe the actions of people. “To present themselves before God,” as is written: “And all the hosts of heaven standing by Him on His right hand and on His left” (I Kings 22:19). But in the passage: “To present themselves before God,” “The Adversary also came among them.” The word “also” adds to THE CHILDREN OF ELOHIM, because they all came to accuse, and THE ADVERSARY also joined them because he was the greatest slanderer of them all. As soon as the Holy One, blessed be He, saw that they all came to accuse, immediately, “And YHV”H said to the Adversary, ‘From where do you come?’” (Job 1:7) Did not the Holy One, blessed be He, know where he came from: Rather only to allow the matter to the wishes of the Satan, MEANING THAT WITH THESE WORDS HE GAVE HIM AN OPENING TO ACCUSE AS HE WISHES.
“YHV”H said to the Adversary, ‘Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on earth…’” (Ibid. 8).
The Satan works for GOD being the Evil inclination in man, THE ADVERSARY, Accuser and prosecuter of the supernal court. Only with permission from God can he do anything. As we see here with Job “YHV”H said to the Adversary, ‘Have you considered my servant Job, that there is none like him on earth…’” (Ibid. 8).