Godssecret's Weblog


The New U.S. Embassy in Isreal will be in Jerusalem
February 13, 2009, 2:32 am
Filed under: big news
U.S. Embassy is moving to Jerusalem

The United States Jerusalem Embassy Act, passed by Congress on October 23, 1995 , states that Jerusalem should be recognized as the capital of the State of Israel; and the United States Embassy in Israel should be established in Jerusalem no later than May 31, 1999.

The act asserts that every country has a right to designate the capital of its choice, and that Israel has designated Jerusalem. Jerusalem is defined as the spiritual center of Judaism. Furthermore, it stipulates that since the reunification of Jerusalem in 1967, religious freedom has been guaranteed to all.

The Act was adopted by the Senate (93-5) and the House (374-37).

The Senate and House votes preceded visits by then Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Jerusalem Mayor Ehud Olmert to Washington to celebrate the 3000th anniversary of King David‘s declaration of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jews. [1]

Since 1995, the relocation of the embassy from Tel Aviv has been suspended by the President semi-annually, each time stating that “[the] Administration remains committed to beginning the process of moving our embassy to Jerusalem”. As a result of the Embassy Act, official U.S. documents and web sites refer to Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

Section 214 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, 2003 states:

“The Congress maintains its commitment to relocating the United States Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem and urges the President […] to immediately begin the process of relocating the United States Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem”. [2]

However, U.S. presidents George W. Bush and Bill Clinton have argued that Congressional resolutions regarding the status of Jerusalem are merely “advisory”, stating that it “impermissibly interferes with the President’s constitutional authority”. [3] The U.S. Constitution reserves the conduct of foreign policy to the President and resolutions of Congress which make foreign policy are arguably invalid for that reason. The U.S. Congress, however, has the “power of the purse”, and could prohibit the expenditure of funds on any embassy located outside Jerusalem. The U.S. Congress has not taken this step.

[Federal Register: December 17, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 243)]
[Presidential Documents]
[Page 76503]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr17de08-129]

Presidential Documents

___________________________________________________________________

Title 3–
The President

[[Page 76503]]

Presidential Determination No. 2009-08 of December 4,
2008

[Federal Register: December 17, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 243)]
[Presidential Documents]
[Page 76503]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr17de08-129]

Presidential Documents

___________________________________________________________________

Title 3–
The President

[[Page 76503]]

Presidential Determination No. 2009-08 of December 4,
2008

Suspension of Limitations Under the Jerusalem
Embassy Act

Memorandum for the Secretary of State

Pursuant to the authority vested in me as President by
the Constitution and the laws of the United States,
including section 7(a) of the Jerusalem Embassy Act of
1995 (Public Law 104-45) (the “Act”), I hereby
determine that it is necessary to protect the national
security interests of the United States to suspend for
a period of 6 months the limitations set forth in
sections 3(b) and 7(b) of the Act. My Administration
remains committed to beginning the process of moving
our embassy to Jerusalem.

You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this
determination to the Congress, accompanied by a report
in accordance with section 7(a) of the Act, and to
publish the determination in the Federal Register.

This suspension shall take effect after transmission of
this determination and report to the Congress.

(Presidential Sig.)

THE WHITE HOUSE,

Washington, December 4, 2008

[FR Doc. E8-30103
Filed 12-16-08; 8:45 am]

Billing code 4710-10-P

Memorandum for the Secretary of State

Pursuant to the authority vested in me as President by
the Constitution and the laws of the United States,
including section 7(a) of the Jerusalem Embassy Act of
1995 (Public Law 104-45) (the “Act”), I hereby
determine that it is necessary to protect the national
security interests of the United States to suspend for
a period of 6 months the limitations set forth in
sections 3(b) and 7(b) of the Act. My Administration
remains committed to beginning the process of moving
our embassy to Jerusalem.

You are hereby authorized and directed to transmit this
determination to the Congress, accompanied by a report
in accordance with section 7(a) of the Act, and to
publish the determination in the Federal Register.

This suspension shall take effect after transmission of
this determination and report to the Congress.

(Presidential Sig.)

THE WHITE HOUSE,

Washington, December 4, 2008

[FR Doc. E8-30103
Filed 12-16-08; 8:45 am]

Billing code 4710-10-P

A potential site for a future US Embassy office building has been demarcated by Israel and the US, and is maintained in the neighborhood of Talpiot. Currently, the United States has two diplomatic office facilities in Jerusalem: a Consulate on Agron Road in West Jerusalem, and a consular annex on Nablus road in East Jerusalem. The U.S. State Department is in the process of building a new office annex in the West Jerusalem neighborhood of Arnona to replace the aging consular section in East Jerusalem.


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